The track category is the heading under which your abstract will be reviewed and later published in the conference printed matters if accepted. During the submission process, you will be asked to select one track category for your abstract.
Menopause is characterized as the Irregular attendance of menstrual periods for 12 months. It is the time in a lady's life when the capacity of the ovaries stops. The procedure of menopause does not happen overnight, yet rather is a continuous procedure. This purported premenopausal move period is an alternate affair for every lady. Menopause is usually a natural change. Mainly menopause occurs due to decrease in the production of the hormones Oestrogen and Progesterone.
The normal period of menopause is 51 years of age; however menopause may happen as right on time as the 30s or as late as the 60s. There is no solid lab test to foresee when a lady will encounter menopause. The people who had surgery to remove their uterus but they still have ovaries; menopause may be viewed to have occurred at the time of the surgery. There are two types of menopause can be seen Premenopause and Postmenopause
- Track 1-1Premenopause
- Track 1-2Menstrual cycle
- Track 1-3Post menopause
- Track 1-4Oestrogen production
- Track 1-5Progesterone production
The popularity of depression in PCOS is high .Depressive symptoms and mood disorders are common in most obese patients. However, there is varying information about the effects of obesity on risks of depression. Adali et al. showed that BMI and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) were significantly greater in patients with PCOS, for whom results also showed highly elevated emotional distress and depression compared to the control group. Obesity may be a risk factor for psychological distress and depression in patients with PCOS.
Depression has been coordinated with increased cortisol levels, increased sympathetic activity and decreased serotonin levels in the central nervous system, features also associated with insulin resistance. Depression is about twice as common in people with diabetes compared with healthy individuals and treating depression can improve glucose control, although this is not a consistent finding. Diabetes is also a risk factor psychological distress and depression in patients with PCOS.
- Track 2-1Mood disorders
- Track 2-2Psychological distress
- Track 2-3Elevated cortisol levels
- Track 2-4Diabetes
- Track 2-5Emotional distress
Pregnancy is a state of a condition where new individual will develop inside the womb of the woman for nine months. Due to technological advances, pregnancy is increasingly occurring among older women in the United States. Pregnancy can occur by sexual intercourse or assisted reproductive technology. Childbirth typically occurs around 40 weeks from the last menstrual period (LMP). This is just over nine lunar months, where each month is about 29½ days. When measured from conception it is about 38 weeks. Symptoms of early pregnancy may include missed periods, tender breasts, nausea and vomiting, hunger, and frequent urination. Pregnancy may be confirmed with a pregnancy test.
- Track 3-1Menstrual period
- Track 3-2Sexual intercourse
- Track 3-3Pregnancy test
- Track 3-4Childbirth
- Track 3-5Reproductive technology
Lifestyle management is the important step in managing of PCOS.it includes diet and exercise, can help to improve the insulin resistance underlying PCOS and can reduce the risk of long-term health problems linked with PCOS including impaired glucose tolerance, type 2 diabetes and heart disease. Even losing relatively small amounts of weight (around 5-10% of body weight) has been shown to reduce insulin levels, improve menstrual function, reduce testosterone (male hormone) levels, improve symptoms of hirsutism (excess hair) and acne, restore ovulation and increase fertility.
While eating well, exercising regularly and losing weight are particularly important, other lifestyle factors also play a part. Stress, lack of sleep and smoking may worsen insulin resistance and have been linked with an increased risk of type 2 diabetes. Excess alcohol and other harmful chemicals in the environment may also influence your risk. Quitting smoking, limiting alcohol consumption, learning to manage stress, improving your sleep habits and minimising your exposure to harmful chemicals should therefore also be part of your PCOS management plan. At the PCOS Health & Nutrition Centre we work with you to develop an individualised PCOS lifestyle management plan to address your PCOS symptoms.
- Track 4-1PCOS management plan
- Track 4-2Hirsutism
- Track 4-3Insulin resistance
- Track 4-4PCOS Health & Nutrition Centre
Prevention of PCOS cannot be done. But the diagnosis and treatment helps prevent long-term complications, such as infertility, metabolic syndrome, obesity, diabetes, and heart disease. Polycystic ovarian syndrome is the most common phenomenon of hormonal dysfunction in reproductive-age women today. PCOS is a heterogeneous condition, both clinically and biochemically. The preponderance of PCOS is reported to be anywhere from 4% to 12%, with mild racial variations.
The menstrual irregularity of PCOS typically manifests in the per pubertal period, although some women may apparently have regular cycles at first and develop menstrual irregularity in association with weight gain. The mild oligomenorrhea can be seen due to irregular menstrual cycles. Anovulation is very common in the presence of mild oligomenorrhea, but also when normal cycles are present.
- Track 5-1Managing PCOS in Primary care
- Track 5-2Management of PCOS in Adolescence
- Track 5-3Long-term Management of PCOS
- Track 5-4Sensible Nutrition for women with PCOS
Mainly endometrial cancer will arise from the PCOS the cancer result from the endometrium. It is the result of the abnormal growth of cells that have the ability to invade or spread to other parts of the body. The first sign is most often vaginal bleeding not associated with a menstrual period. Other symptoms include pain with urination or sexual intercourse, or pelvic pain. Endometrial cancer occurs most commonly after menopause.
Hyperandrogenism is one of the primary symptoms of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). There are several effects occurring on the women’s health like rashes,itiching sensation, excess urination,etc.However, it is not known whether the increased cardiovascular risk seen in PCOS is mediated through obesity is independent of body mass index (BMI) and the result of other metabolic factors.
- Track 6-1Dermatological problems
- Track 6-2Depression, stress & Social problems
- Track 6-3Psychological manifestations of PCOS
- Track 6-4Endometriosis pain Management
Obesity is the another sign of PCOS. It is mostly caused by excess intake of food and lack of exercises and diet control. It is the leading preventable cause of death. Nowadays obesity is mainly seen in children’s also. Reproductive disturbances are more common in obese women regardless of the diagnosis of PCOS. Obese women are more likely to have menstrual irregularity and an ovulatory infertility than normal-weight women. In reproductive-age women, the relative risk of an ovulatory infertility increases at a BMI of 24 kg/m2 and continues to rise with increasing BMI. Consistent with a pathophysiologic role for obesity, weight reduction can restore regular menstrual cycles in these women.
Women with upper-body obesity have also been noted to have decreased insulin sensitivity and are at higher risk for cardiovascular disease and diabetes. Obesity people have increased body mass as they have greater energy expenditure.
- Track 7-1Diagnosis of obesity
- Track 7-2Increased body mass
- Track 7-3Diet control
- Track 7-4Body mass index
Diagnosis of PCOS is very difficult because the signs and symptoms can be varied. The symptoms may include irregular menstrual cycles, hirsutism, infertility, and other reactions. When choosing a treatment regimen the physician should ask the patient desire for pregnancy. Rosiglitazone and pioglitazone are also effective for hirsutism and insulin resistance. Few agents have been approved by U.S food and drug administration. Several agents are contraindicated in pregnancy. Insulin sensitizing agents are mostly indicated for most women with polycystic ovarian syndrome.
- Track 8-1Clinical implications of PCOS drugs
- Track 8-2Functional genomics of PCOS drugs
- Track 8-3Efficacy of PCOS
- Track 8-4Metabolic aspects of PCOS
PCOS is one of the common endocrine disorders in women. However it is underdiagnosed in adolescent patients.it is underdiagnosed because of lack of consensus associated with cardio metabolic risk Adolescents at high risk for developing the syndrome are congenital virilisation, low birth weight, precocious puberty, obesity syndromes, insulin-resistant features, and girls born to parents with PCOS, central obesity, or diabetes in whom PCOS ought to be suspected when associated with irregular menses.in adolescents the common clinical feature of PCOS include menstrual irregularity and excess androgen secretion.
Neurologic and psychiatric disorders occur commonly in adolescents. Epilepsy, migraines, and bipolar disorder are typically disorders that require chronic medication to treat symptoms and prevent recurrence of episodes. However, adolescents with PCOS do not seem to have an increased risk of fatty liver over the general adolescent population.
- Track 9-1Emotional teens
- Track 9-2Psychiatric risks
- Track 9-3Treatment challenges
- Track 9-4Fatty liver
Various long term effects can be seen due to PCOS .Mainly endometrial cancer, ovarian cancer, cardiovascular disease and hypertension, breast cancer, impaired glucose tolerance and diabetes are the effects that can be seen. The people who are having PCOS will suffer with extensive coronary artery. Impaired glucose tolerance and diabetes are risk factors for cardiovascular disease. The lipoprotein profile in women with polycystic ovaries is significantly distorted. On the other hands the levels of high density lipid proteins are supressed. Prolonged anovulation is the characteristic feature of endometrial cancer. Although women with PCOS are expected to be in low risk groups for developing ovarian cancer due to their life time reduced ovulation rate.
- Track 10-1Endometrial cancer
- Track 10-2Ovarian cancer
- Track 10-3Breast cancer
- Track 10-4Loss of appetite
- Track 10-5Cardiovascular disease and hypertension
- Track 10-6Impaired glucose tolerance &diabetes
Polycystic ovarian syndrome PCOS is a hormonal disorder which causes irregular periods, cysts on the ovaries, excess hair on the face and body, increased insulin levels, excess weight particularly around the middle, high blood pressure and acne. Women who have PCOS will have high levels of androgen. PCOS may affect between six and 10 percent of all women.. It is a condition where hormonal imbalance affects the follicular growth during the ovarian cycle, causing the affected follicles to remain in the ovary.
PCOS has another name as a kapha disorder. A diet for patients with PCOS includes fresh food and Vegetable. Also recommend fresh fruits such as peaches, pears, plums as well as dried fruits such as dates, figs and raisins.Poly cystic ovarian syndrome can result in infertility issues. It can also be treated naturally through diet and herbal remedies.
- Track 11-1Follicular growth
- Track 11-2Imbalance effects
- Track 11-3Natural management
- Track 11-4Ayurvedic approaches to PCOS
- Track 11-5AMP-activated protein kinase
The mechanism involved in the mode of action of PCOS is metformin action. The metformin drug is effective in the treatment of pcos.as it is ant diabetic drug it increases the glucose utilisation as PCOS and diabetes shares mutual parameters such as altered lipid metabolism, abnormal glucose ratio, insulin-resistance syndrome. So the use of metformin is widely accepted in the treatment of PCOS. Currently, metformin is used to induce ovulation and during early pregnancy in PCOS patients, the molecular mechanisms involved further than the classical pathway that involves the AMP-activated protein kinase.
- Track 12-1Absorption and bioavailability
- Track 12-2Therapeutic action
Bariatric surgery can be an effective means of weight loss in PCOS women. It also has reproductive benefits in women. Bariatric surgery may prevent or revert metabolic syndrome.it was historically practices in reproductive aged women nowadays it was also practiced in adolescents as well. Bariatric surgery can be effective in achieving significant weight loss, reduction of cardiovascular risk and even in improving pregnancy outcomes. Ultimately, bariatric surgery should be considered part of the treatment in PCOS women. Bariatric surgery performed in the 3 most common procedures are laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding, laparoscopic roux-en-Y gastric bypass and laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy
- Track 13-1Risks of bariatric surgery
- Track 13-2Surgery for Adolescents
- Track 13-3Reproductive considerations for bariatric surgery
The treatment of PCOS involves clomiphene therapy used for early in the menstrual cycle. Drugs used in the treatment of polycystic ovarian syndrome include metformin , spironolactone, oral contraceptives and eflornithine. Oral contraceptives containing a combination of oestrogen and progestin increase sex hormone–binding globulin levels and thereby reduce the free testosterone level. Luteinizing hormone and follicle-stimulating hormone levels are also suppressed. However, the use of oral contraceptives may be associated with an increased risk of thrombosis and metabolic abnormalities.
- Track 14-1Gonadotropins and hormonal therapy
- Track 14-2Birth control pills
- Track 14-3Surgery and ovarian disorders
- Track 14-4Clomiphene, Metformin and Gonadotropins
Risk factors that are associate with the PCOS are Diabetes,4 to 7 times higher risk of heart attacks, High Blood Pressure or Hypertension, High Cholesterol, High Lipids, Sleep, Risk of endometrial cancer, Infertility, Higher rate of Miscarriages, Higher risk of Gestational diabetes, Obesity which can also lead to low self-esteem and depression, Liver disease. The people who are having PCOS will suffer with extensive coronary artery.
- Track 15-1Gestational diabetes
- Track 15-2Hypertension
- Track 15-3Mortality
- Track 15-4Breast cancer
An ovarian cyst is any collection of fluid, surrounded by a very thin wall, within an ovary. Any ovarian follicle that is larger than about two centimetres is termed an ovarian cyst. Such cysts range in size from as small as a pea to larger than an orange. Ovarian cysts occur in women of all ages including neonatal period and infancy. They are most prevalent during infancy, adolescence and during the childbearing years. With ultrasonography ovarian cysts can be demonstrated in nearly all premenopausal and approximately 18% postmenopausal women.
Polycystic ovarian cancer is a heterogeneous disorder of uncertain Cause. There is strong evidence that it is a genetic disease. Such evidence includes the familial clustering of cases, greater concordance in monozygotic compared with dizygotic twins and heritability of endocrine and metabolic features of PCOS.
- Track 16-1Ovarian cyst pain
- Track 16-2Septated ovarian cyst
Transvaginal ultrasound is one of the main tools a physician has when it comes to diagnosing polycystic ovary syndrome. The images found on the ultrasound, in conjunction with the results of blood tests and a thorough patient history and physical, are used to diagnose this syndrome. Diagnosing Polycystic Ovary Syndrome Characterized by high levels of androgens, polycystic ovary syndrome is an imbalance of sex hormones. Since these hormones are involved in the regulation of bodily processes ranging from reproduction to metabolism, the condition can lead to a wide variety of signs and symptoms of PCOS.
- Track 17-1Hyperprolactinemia
- Track 17-2Congenital adrenal hyperplasia
Endometriosis is a disease in which tissue that normally grows inside the uterus grows outside the uterus. Its main symptoms are pelvic pain and infertility. Nearly half have chronic pelvic pain, while in 70% pain occurs during menstruation. Pain with sex is also common. Infertility occurs in up to half of people. Less common symptoms include urinary or bowel symptoms. About 25% of women have no symptoms. Endometriosis can have both social and psychological effects.
Hormonal contraceptives Birth control pills, patches and vaginal rings help control the hormones responsible for the build up of endometrial tissue each month.
- Track 18-1Endometriosis after Hysterctomy
- Track 18-2Advances in treatment for Endometriosis
- Track 18-3PCOS and Endometriosis