Prevention and Management of PCOS
Prevention of PCOS cannot be done. But the diagnosis and treatment helps prevent long-term complications, such as infertility, metabolic syndrome, obesity, diabetes, and heart disease. Polycystic ovarian syndrome is the most common phenomenon of hormonal dysfunction in reproductive-age women today. PCOS is a heterogeneous condition, both clinically and biochemically. The preponderance of PCOS is reported to be anywhere from 4% to 12%, with mild racial variations.
The menstrual irregularity of PCOS typically manifests in the per pubertal period, although some women may apparently have regular cycles at first and develop menstrual irregularity in association with weight gain. The mild oligomenorrhea can be seen due to irregular menstrual cycles. Anovulation is very common in the presence of mild oligomenorrhea, but also when normal cycles are present.