The track category is the heading under which your abstract will be reviewed and later published in the conference printed matters if accepted. During the submission process, you will be asked to select one track category for your abstract.
Menopause is characterized as the Irregular attendance of menstrual periods for 12 months. It is the time in a lady's life when the capacity of the ovaries stops. The procedure of menopause does not happen overnight, yet rather is a continuous procedure. This purported premenopausal move period is an alternate affair for every lady. Menopause is usually a natural change. Mainly menopause occurs due to decrease in the production of the hormones Oestrogen and Progesterone. The normal period of menopause is 51 years of age; however menopause may happen as right on time as the 30s or as late as the 60s. There is no solid lab test to foresee when a lady will encounter menopause. The people who had surgery to remove their uterus but they still have ovaries; menopause may be viewed to have occurred at the time of the surgery. There are two types of menopause can be seen Pre menopause and Post menopause.
- Pre menopause
- Menstrual cycle
- Post menopause
- Oestrogen production
- Progesterone production
- Track 1-1Pre menopause
- Track 1-2Menstrual cycle
- Track 1-3Post menopause
- Track 1-4Oestrogen production
- Track 1-5Progesterone production
The popularity of depression in PCOS is high .Depressive symptoms and mood disorders are common in most obese patients. However, there is varying information about the effects of obesity on risks of depression. Adali et al. showed that BMI and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) were significantly greater in patients with PCOS, for whom results also showed highly elevated emotional distress and depression compared to the control group. Obesity may be a risk factor for psychological distress and depression in patients with PCOS.
Depression has been coordinated with increased cortisol levels, increased sympathetic activity and decreased serotonin levels in the central nervous system, features also associated with insulin resistance. Depression is about twice as common in people with diabetes compared with healthy individuals and treating depression can improve glucose control, although this is not a consistent finding. Diabetes is also a risk factor psychological distress and depression in patients with PCOS.
- Mood disorder
- Psychological distress
- Elevated cortisol levels
- Emotional distress
- Track 2-1Mood disorder
- Track 2-2Psychological distress
- Track 2-3Elevated cortisol levels
- Track 2-4Diabetes
- Track 2-5Emotional distress
Midwifery is the health science and fitness career that deals with pregnancy, childbirth, and the postpartum period (including care of the newborn), besides sexual and reproductive health of ladies during their lives. In many countries, midwifery is a scientific profession (special for its independent and direct specialized education; must now not be careworn with the clinical specialty, which depends on a previous time-honored training). A expert in midwifery is known as a midwife. A midwife is a professional in midwifery, specializing in pregnancy, childbirth, postpartum, women's sexual and reproductive fitness (including annual gynecological exams, family planning, menopausal care and others), and newborn care. They are also trained and skilled to understand the versions of everyday development of labor, and apprehend how to deal with deviations from normal. They may additionally intervene in excessive threat situations such as breech births, twin births and births where the child is in a posterior position, using non-invasive techniques.
- Track 3-1Due Date Calculator
- Track 3-2Ultimate Pregnancy To-Do List
- Track 3-3Pregnancy Safety
- Track 3-4Baby Registry Checklist
- Track 3-5Nutrition & Weight
Pregnancy is a state of a condition where new individual will develop inside the womb of the woman for nine months. Due to technological advances, pregnancy is increasingly occurring among older women in the United States. Pregnancy can occur by sexual intercourse or assisted reproductive technology. Childbirth typically occurs around 40 weeks from the last menstrual period (LMP). This is just over nine lunar months, where each month is about 29½ days. When measured from conception it is about 38 weeks. Symptoms of early pregnancy may include missed periods, tender breasts, nausea and vomiting, hunger, and frequent urination. Pregnancy may be confirmed with a pregnancy test.
- Menstrual period
- Sexual intercourse
- Pregnancy test
- Reproductive technology
- Track 4-1Menstrual period
- Track 4-2Sexual intercourse
- Track 4-3Pregnancy test
- Track 4-4Childbirth
- Track 4-5Reproductive technology
Lifestyle management is the important step in managing of PCOS.it includes diet and exercise, can help to improve the insulin resistance underlying PCOS and can reduce the risk of long-term health problems linked with PCOS including impaired glucose tolerance, type 2 diabetes and heart disease. Even losing relatively small amounts of weight (around 5-10% of body weight) has been shown to reduce insulin levels, improve menstrual function, reduce testosterone (male hormone) levels, improve symptoms of hirsutism (excess hair) and acne, restore ovulation and increase fertility.
While eating well, exercising regularly and losing weight are particularly important, other lifestyle factors also play a part. Stress, lack of sleep and smoking may worsen insulin resistance and have been linked with an increased risk of type 2 diabetes. Excess alcohol and other harmful chemicals in the environment may also influence your risk. Quitting smoking, limiting alcohol consumption, learning to manage stress, improving your sleep habits and minimising your exposure to harmful chemicals should therefore also be part of your PCOS management plan. At the PCOS Health & Nutrition Centre we work with you to develop an individualised PCOS lifestyle management plan to address your PCOS symptom.
- PCOS management plan
- Insulin resistance
- PCOS Health & Nutrition Centre
- Track 5-1PCOS management plan
- Track 5-2Hirsutism
- Track 5-3Insulin resistance
- Track 5-4PCOS Health & Nutrition Centre
Obstetrics is generally known as the branch that which deals with the study of pregnancy, childbirth and the postpartum period. Based on the consequent changes in the surgical methods it is combined with the Gynaecological department and it is fairly known as Obstetrics and Gynaecology as a surgical field. This field of obstetrics is correlated with gynaecological conditions like Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) which has a vast and varied relation with the women bearing pregnancy this PCOS consequence has an utmost effect on reproductive women. like elevates the impediments to a women to get pregnant there are several factors which include PCOS and causing an obstruction for the pregnancy, the major factor is excess insulin production in a circulatory system that which leads to the decrease in metabolism, Thereby causes dysfunction of pancreases. Women with PCOS can experience Gestational Diabetes, Preeclampsia. This leads to the maternal mortality the main causes of the maternal mortality are maternal bleeding maternal sepsis. There is no difference between symptoms and complication /Discomfort of pregnancy.
- Track 6-1Placental abruption
- Track 6-2Obstetrical Complication
- Track 6-3Obstetric Ultrasonography
- Track 6-4Prenatal Care
- Track 6-5Placental accerta
- Track 6-6Placental praevia
Prevention of PCOS cannot be done. But the diagnosis and treatment helps prevent long-term complications, such as infertility, metabolic syndrome, obesity, diabetes, and heart disease. Polycystic ovarian syndrome is the most common phenomenon of hormonal dysfunction in reproductive-age women today. PCOS is a heterogeneous condition, both clinically and biochemically. The preponderance of PCOS is reported to be anywhere from 4% to 12%, with mild racial variations.
The menstrual irregularity of PCOS typically manifests in the per pubertal period, although some women may apparently have regular cycles at first and develop menstrual irregularity in association with weight gain. The mild oligomenorrhea can be seen due to irregular menstrual cycles. Anovulation is very common in the presence of mild oligomenorrhea, but also when normal cycles are present.
- Managing PCOS in Primary care
- Management of PCOS in Adolescence
- Long-term Management of PCOS
- Sensible Nutrition for women with PCOS
- Track 7-1Managing PCOS in Primary care
- Track 7-2Management of PCOS in Adolescence
- Track 7-3Long-term Management of PCOS
- Track 7-4Sensible Nutrition for women with PCOS
Mainly endometrial cancer will arise from the PCOS the cancer result from the endometrium. It is the result of the abnormal growth of cells that have the ability to invade or spread to other parts of the body. The first sign is most often vaginal bleeding not associated with a menstrual period. Other symptoms include pain with urination or sexual intercourse, or pelvic pain. Endometrial cancer occurs most commonly after menopause.
Hyperandrogenism is one of the primary symptoms of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). There are several effects occurring on the women’s health like rashes,itiching sensation, excess urination,etc.However, it is not known whether the increased cardiovascular risk seen in PCOS is mediated through obesity is independent of body mass index (BMI) and the result of other metabolic factors.
- Dermatological problems
- Depression, stress & Social problems
- Endometrial and Breast Cancers
- Psychological manifestations of PCOS
- Endometriosis pain Management
- Track 8-1Dermatological problems
- Track 8-2Depression, stress & Social problems
- Track 8-3Endometrial and Breast Cancers
- Track 8-4Psychological manifestations of PCOS
- Track 8-5Endometriosis pain Management
Obesity is the another sign of PCOS. It is mostly caused by excess intake of food and lack of exercises and diet control. It is the leading preventable cause of death. Nowadays obesity is mainly seen in children’s also. Reproductive disturbances are more common in obese women regardless of the diagnosis of PCOS. Obese women are more likely to have menstrual irregularity and an ovulatory infertility than normal-weight women. In reproductive-age women, the relative risk of an ovulatory infertility increases at a BMI of 24 kg/m2 and continues to rise with increasing BMI. Consistent with a pathophysiologic role for obesity, weight reduction can restore regular menstrual cycles in these women.
Women with upper-body obesity have also been noted to have decreased insulin sensitivity and are at higher risk for cardiovascular disease and diabetes. Obesity people have increased body mass as they have greater energy expenditure.
- Diagnosis of obesity
- Increased body mass
- Diet control
- Body mass index
- Track 9-1Diagnosis of obesity
- Track 9-2Increased body mass
- Track 9-3Diet control
- Track 9-4Body mass index
Diagnosis of PCOS is very difficult because the signs and symptoms can be varied. The symptoms may include irregular menstrual cycles, hirsutism, infertility, and other reactions. When choosing a treatment regimen the physician should ask the patient desire for pregnancy. Rosiglitazone and pioglitazone are also effective for hirsutism and insulin resistance. Few agents have been approved by U.S food and drug administration. Several agents are contraindicated in pregnancy. Insulin sensitizing agents are mostly indicated for most women with polycystic ovarian syndrome.
- Clinical implications of PCOS drugs
- Functional genomics of PCOS drugs
- Efficacy of PCOS
- Metabolic aspects of PCOS
- Track 10-1Clinical implications of PCOS drugs
- Track 10-2Functional genomics of PCOS drugs
- Track 10-3Efficacy of PCOS
- Track 10-4Metabolic aspects of PCOS
PCOS is one of the common endocrine disorders in women. However it is underdiagnosed in adolescent patients.it is underdiagnosed because of lack of consensus associated with cardio metabolic risk Adolescents at high risk for developing the syndrome are congenital virilisation, low birth weight, precocious puberty, , obesity syndromes, insulin-resistant features, and girls born to parents with PCOS, central obesity, or diabetes in whom PCOS ought to be suspected when associated with irregular menses.in adolescents the common clinical feature of PCOS include menstrual irregularity and excess androgen secretion.
Neurologic and psychiatric disorders occur commonly in adolescents. Epilepsy, migraines, and bipolar disorder are typically disorders that require chronic medication to treat symptoms and prevent recurrence of episodes. However, adolescents with PCOS do not seem to have an increased risk of fatty liver over the general adolescent population
- Emotional teens
- Psychiatric risks
- Treatment challenges
- Fatty liver
- Track 11-1Emotional teens
- Track 11-2Psychiatric risks
- Track 11-3Treatment challenges
- Track 11-4Fatty liver
Various long term effects can be seen due to PCOS .Mainly endometrial cancer, ovarian cancer, cardiovascular disease and hypertension, breast cancer, impaired glucose tolerance and diabetes are the effects that can be seen. The people who are having PCOS will suffer with extensive coronary artery. Impaired glucose tolerance and diabetes are risk factors for cardiovascular disease. The lipoprotein profile in women with polycystic ovaries is significantly distorted. On the other hands the levels of high density lipid proteins are supressed. Prolonged anovulation is the characteristic feature of endometrial cancer. Although women with PCOS are expected to be in low risk groups for developing ovarian cancer due to their life time reduced ovulation rate.
- Endometrial cancer
- Ovarian cancer
- Breast cancer
- Loss of appetite
- Cardiovascular disease and hypertension
- Impaired glucose tolerance &diabetes
- Track 12-1Endometrial cancer
- Track 12-2Ovarian cancer
- Track 12-3Breast cancer
- Track 12-4Loss of appetite
- Track 12-5Cardiovascular disease and hypertension
- Track 12-6Impaired glucose tolerance &diabetes
Postnatal depression can be described as a type of mood disorder after childbirth which is well known as postpartum depression (PPD) which was regularly observed in women who are in relation with PCOS neither after giving birth to a child. The initiation or stimulation of (PPD) is unclear this condition is mainly including some characters which are probably in turn factors of causing PPD include mood disorders, irregular functioning of hormones, and behavioural changes can be a major factors of PPD and similar consequent disorders which may cause the direct attack to the brain that which leads to neuronal disorders. this Postnatal /Postpartum depression is not limited to the mothers it also related to the father, this can happen in 1 in 10 men who had a negative/traumatic birth experience.
- Track 13-1Postpartum psychosis
- Track 13-2Peri-partum Onset
- Track 13-3Pst-partum Thyroiditis
Polycystic ovarian syndrome PCOS is a hormonal disorder which causes irregular periods, cysts on the ovaries, excess hair on the face and body, increased insulin levels, excess weight particularly around the middle, high blood pressure and acne. Women who have PCOS will have high levels of androgen. PCOS may affect between six and 10 percent of all women.. It is a condition where hormonal imbalance affects the follicular growth during the ovarian cycle, causing the affected follicles to remain in the ovary.
PCOS has another name as a kapha disorder. A diet for patients with PCOS includes fresh food and Vegetable. Also recommend fresh fruits such as peaches, pears, plums as well as dried fruits such as dates, figs and raisins.Poly cystic ovarian syndrome can result in infertility issues. It can also be treated naturally through diet and herbal remedies.
- Follicular growth
- Imbalance effects
- Natural management
- Ayurvedic approaches to PCOS
- Track 14-1Follicular growth
- Track 14-2Imbalance effects
- Track 14-3Natural management
- Track 14-4Ayurvedic approaches to PCOS
The mechanism involved in the mode of action of PCOS is metformin action. The metformin drug is effective in the treatment of pcos.as it is ant diabetic drug it increases the glucose utilisation as PCOS and diabetes shares mutual parameters such as altered lipid metabolism, abnormal glucose ratio, insulin-resistance syndrome. So the use of metformin is widely accepted in the treatment of PCOS. Currently, metformin is used to induce ovulation and during early pregnancy in PCOS patients, the molecular mechanisms involved further than the classical pathway that involves the AMP-activated protein kinase.
- Absorption and bioavailability
- Therapeutic action
- AMP-activated protein kinase.
- Track 15-1Absorption and bioavailability
- Track 15-2Therapeutic action
- Track 15-3AMP-activated protein kinase
Bariatric surgery can be an effective means of weight loss in PCOS women. It also has reproductive benefits in women. Bariatric surgery may prevent or revert metabolic syndrome.it was historically practices in reproductive aged women nowadays it was also practiced in adolescents as well. Bariatric surgery can be effective in achieving significant weight loss, reduction of cardiovascular risk and even in improving pregnancy outcomes. Ultimately, bariatric surgery should be considered part of the treatment in PCOS women. Bariatric surgery performed in the 3 most common procedures are laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding , laparoscopic roux-en-Y gastric bypass and laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy
- Risks of bariatric surgery
- Surgery for adolescents
- Reproductive considerations for bariatric surgery
- Track 16-1Risks of bariatric surgery
- Track 16-2Surgery for adolescents
- Track 16-3Reproductive considerations for bariatric surgery
The treatment of PCOS involves clomiphene therapy used for early in the menstrual cycle. Drugs used in the treatment of polycystic ovarian syndrome include metformin , spironolactone, oral contraceptives and eflornithine. Oral contraceptives containing a combination of oestrogen and progestin increase sex hormone–binding globulin levels and thereby reduce the free testosterone level. Luteinizing hormone and follicle-stimulating hormone levels are also suppressed. However, the use of oral contraceptives may be associated with an increased risk of thrombosis and metabolic abnormalities.
- Gonadotropins and hormonal therapy
- Birth control pills
- Surgery and ovarian disorders
- Clomiphene, Metformin and Gonadotropins
- Track 17-1Gonadotropins and hormonal therapy
- Track 17-2Birth control pills
- Track 17-3Surgery and ovarian disorders
- Track 17-4Clomiphene, Metformin and Gonadotropins
Risk factors that are associate with the PCOS are Diabetes,4 to 7 times higher risk of heart attacks, High Blood Pressure or Hypertension, High Cholesterol, High Lipids, Sleep, Risk of endometrial cancer, Infertility, Higher rate of Miscarriages, Higher risk of Gestational diabetes, Obesity which can also lead to low self-esteem and depression, Liver disease. The people who are having PCOS will suffer with extensive coronary artery.
- Gestational diabetes
- Breast cancer
- Track 18-1Gestational diabetes
- Track 18-2Hypertension
- Track 18-3Mortality
- Track 18-4Breast cancer
An ovarian cyst is any collection of fluid, surrounded by a very thin wall, within an ovary. Any ovarian follicle that is larger than about two centimetres is termed an ovarian cyst. Such cysts range in size from as small as a pea to larger than an orange. Ovarian cysts occur in women of all ages including neonatal period and infancy. They are most prevalent during infancy, adolescence and during the childbearing years. With ultrasonography ovarian cysts can be demonstrated in nearly all premenopausal and approximately 18% postmenopausal women
Polycystic ovarian cancer is a heterogeneous disorder of uncertain Cause. There is strong evidence that it is a genetic disease. Such evidence includes the familial clustering of cases, greater concordance in monozygotic compared with dizygotic twins and heritability of endocrine and metabolic features of PCOS.
- Ovarian cyst pain
- Ovarian cyst surgery
Septated ovarian cyst
- Track 19-1Ovarian cyst pain
- Track 19-2Ovarian cyst surgery
- Track 19-3Seprated ovarian cyst
Endometriosis is a disease in which tissue that normally grows inside the uterus grows outside the uterus. Its main symptoms are pelvic pain and infertility. Nearly half have chronic pelvic pain, while in 70% pain occurs during menstruation. Pain with sex is also common. Infertility occurs in up to half of people. Less common symptoms include urinary or bowel symptoms. About 25% of women have no symptoms. Endometriosis can have both social and psychological effects.
Hormonal contraceptives Birth control pills, patches and vaginal rings help control the hormones responsible for the buildup of endometrial tissue each month.
- Endometriosis after Hysterectomy
- PCOS and endometriosis
- Track 20-1Endometriosis after Hysterectomy
- Track 20-2PCOS and endometriosis
Transvaginal ultrasound is one of the main tools a physician has when it comes to diagnosing polycystic ovary syndrome. The images found on the ultrasound, in conjunction with the results of blood tests and a thorough patient history and physical, are used to diagnose this syndrome. Diagnosing Polycystic Ovary Syndrome Characterized by high levels of androgens, polycystic ovary syndrome is an imbalance of sex hormones. Since these hormones are involved in the regulation of bodily processes ranging from reproduction to metabolism, the condition can lead to a wide variety of signs and symptoms of PCOS.
- Congenital adrenal hyperplasia
- Cushing's disease
- Track 21-1Hyperprolactinemia
- Track 21-2Congenital adrenal hyperplasia
Fertility can be affected with a Polycystic ovarian syndrome, when it is caused by factors like an excess production of androgens called male hormones, Insulin levels along with inflammation causes anovulation. Anovulation is a process of inability to release an oocyte due to irregular menstrual cycles. This impediments caused by irregularity of menstruation can cause menopause to a women under control and women suffering from PCOS, if this process of disruption in ovulation continues it’s hard to become pregnant for women which can cause difficulty in getting pregnancy which may lead complication to get pregnant and most of the hormones become unbalanced results in making hard to carry a baby
- Track 22-1Hormone imbalance associated with polycystic ovaries
- Track 22-2Previous Pregnancies
- Track 22-3Effects of Contraception
- Track 22-4Anovulation
- Track 22-5Contraception