PCOS and Obesity
Obesity is the another sign of PCOS. It is mostly caused by excess intake of food and lack of exercises and diet control. It is the leading preventable cause of death. Nowadays obesity is mainly seen in children’s also. Reproductive disturbances are more common in obese women regardless of the diagnosis of PCOS. Obese women are more likely to have menstrual irregularity and an ovulatory infertility than normal-weight women. In reproductive-age women, the relative risk of an ovulatory infertility increases at a BMI of 24 kg/m2 and continues to rise with increasing BMI. Consistent with a pathophysiologic role for obesity, weight reduction can restore regular menstrual cycles in these women.
Women with upper-body obesity have also been noted to have decreased insulin sensitivity and are at higher risk for cardiovascular disease and diabetes. Obesity people have increased body mass as they have greater energy expenditure.